1. The word “Carat” is thought to be derived from the Carob Bean – an ancient unit of weight. The weigh is so uniform and consistent that it was used as a counter weigh when balances were used to weigh an item.
2. Diamonds were first minded in India over 2800 years ago. Learn more about the history of diamonds.
3. Round cut diamonds only have 57 facets.
4. The ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars that has fallen to the earth.
5. D, E and F are colourless diamonds. Since there is no colour found in them, there is no difference in colour. The only difference in these diamonds is the transparency. D is more transparent that E, E is more transparent than F.
6. The largest diamond ever discovered weighed 3106 carats.
7. Diamonds are known as symbols of strength, courage and invincibility.
8. It is said that Cupid’s arrows have diamond tips.
9. Nitrogen molecules account for the yellowish tint or colour in diamonds. Boron molecules turn diamonds blue. Learn more about coloured diamonds.
10. Only one diamond in a million weighs one carat or more.
11. The largest cut diamond is the Great Star of Africa – 530 carats.
12. The tradition of giving a diamond engagement ring dates back to the year 1477 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria gave a diamond ring to Mary of Burgundy.
13. The tradition of wearing an engagement ring on the fourth finger of the left hand is taken from the early Egyptian belief that the vein of love (vena amoris) runs directly from the heart to the top of that finger.
14. A rough diamond looks so similar to a pebble that most people will just pass it by without giving it a second look.
15. On average a diamond will lose about 50% of its original weight when it is cut and polished.
16. Plato wrote about diamonds as living beings, embodying celestial spirits.
17. As a talisman, when given as a token of friendship or love, a diamond will give its new owner courage, faith and inner strength.
18. A diamond is four times harder than the next hardest material on the scale – Sapphires, Corundum and Rubies.
19. Diamonds were formed 3 billion years ago, deep within the Earth's crust.
20. It is estimated that less than one percent of women, in the world, will ever wear a diamond of one carat or more.
21. A single diamond of 2 carats is worth more than double than that of 2 one carat diamonds.
22. The word “diamonds” comes from the Greek word “adamas”, which means “unconquerable and indestructible.”
23. Less than 20% of diamonds mined are considered gem-quality and can be used in jewellery.
24. Australia accounts for producing the most diamonds in volume.
25. Only 2% of all gem-quality diamonds are flawless.
Want to see diamond colour variations for yourself? Use our interactive diamond colour slider.